美国成立新部门来服务国际学生OPT工签释放什么信号?

2021-02-02 18:24发布


美国国土安全部成立新部门来监督及服务国际学生OPT临时工签计划释放了什么信号?拜登治下的国际学生是否更容易获得工作身份了?


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美国国土安全部宣布组建新的美国移民部门来监督OPT合规性


The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has announced that a new unit will be launched by United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to monitor the Optical Practical Training (OPT) work permit scheme. The unit will focus on making sure compliance is met in terms of personnel, wages, hours and salaries.美国国土安全部(DHS)宣布,美国移民和海关执法局(ICE)将启动一个新单位,以监测 OPT工作许可证计划。该单位将侧重于确保在人员、工资、工时和工资方面符合要求。



The DHS said: “The unit will support ICE, which is currently unable to evaluate the impact OPT has had on US workers and foreign students who have obtained work authorization.” 国土安全部表示:"该部门将配合ICE,解决ICE目前无法评估OPT对获得工作授权的美国工人和外国学生的影响。


The OPT US immigration program recently escaped abolition after a federal judge rule against a motion filed by the tech union, which claimed that the system was ‘unfair to domestic employees.’ 最近,在联邦法官裁定技术工会提出的一项动议时,OPT美国移民计划未通过该废除动议,因该制度"对美国国内雇员不公平"。


OPT Employment Compliance Unit / OPT 雇佣合规单位

The launch of the OPT Employment Compliance Unit (简称:ECU) comes following the federal judge’s ruling, which was seen as protecting the rights of international students in the US, while recognizing their contribution to the US economy. OPT就业合规单位的启动是在联邦法官的裁决之后启动的,该裁决被视为保护了在美国的国际学生的权利,同时承认他们为美国经济做出了贡献。


The OPT US immigration program is a popular route to full-time employment in the US, providing a pathway to the coveted US H1B visa. In the 2019 fiscal year, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) granted a record 223,284 OPT work permit requests.  OPT美国移民计划是在美国全职工作的热门途径,为令人垂涎的美国 H1B签证提供了一条途径。在 2019 财年,美国公民和移民服务局 (USCIS) 批准了创纪录的 223,284 个 OPT 工作许可申请。


The DHS said the new unit will be tasked with recommending the investigation of employers and students thought to be in breach of OPT rules. The agency said: “Such investigations ensure that the OPT programmes operate in a lawful manner at US worksites.” 国土安全部说,新部门将负责建议调查被认为违反OPT规则的雇主和学生。该机构表示:"此类调查确保OPT计划在美国工作场所以合法方式运作。


“For example, if the unit were to detect evidence that an employer is using OPT in a discriminatory manner (e.g., as a means to hire only foreign nationals or only individuals of certain nationalities to the exclusion of others), or in a manner that negatively impacts wages, this unit may notify the US Department of Labour and the US Department of Justice,” the agency added. 例如,如果该部门发现有证据表明雇主以歧视性方式使用 OPT(例如,仅雇用外国国民或特定国籍的个人,而将其他人排除在外),或以对工资产生负面影响的方式,该部门可通知美国劳工部和美国司法部"该机构补充说。


Easier H1B visa transition / 更容易的H1B签证过渡


On a positive note for international students, greater scrutiny of the OPT program should ensure that international students at the end of their temporary work permit can easily transition to the H1B visa. 对于国际学生来说,对OPT计划的严格审查应确保国际学生在临时工作许可证结束时能够轻松过渡到H1B签证。


Kelli Duehning, a former DHS attorney, claims that the new OPT Employment Compliance Unit will transition into the Biden administration. 前国土安全部律师凯利•杜宁声称,新的OPT就业合规单位将过渡到拜登政府管理。


She said: “This new unit could be positive if they moved from an enforcement-minded focus to more of a unit that tries to understand the extent of any fraud, why it is happening, and finding solutions to ensure the fraud can be detected more easily, and preventing it from it happening in the first place.” 她说:"如果这个新部门从注重执法的重点转向更多的部门,试图了解任何欺诈的程度,为什么发生欺诈,并找到解决方案,以确保更容易地发现欺诈行为,并防止欺诈发生,那么这个新单位可能会是积极的。


Under the OPT US immigration program, foreign students are able to remain in the US and work for anywhere between 12 months and three years – depending on their area of study. 根据OPT美国移民计划,外国学生可以留在美国,工作12个月到3年,这取决于他们的学习领域。


Once a student’s OPT expires, they have a 60-day ‘grace period’ in which time they must leave the US, change their US immigration status, or transfer their F1 visa status to a new school or programme. 一旦学生的OPT到期,他们有一个60天的"宽限期",在此期间他们必须离开美国,改变他们的美国移民状态,或转移 他们的F1签证 身份到一个新的学校或课程。


Should an international student remain in the US, without updating their status, this would be considered ‘unlawful presence’. 如果国际学生留在美国而不更新其身份,这将被视为"非法存在"。


新闻来源:

https://workpermit.com/news/new-us-immigration-unit-monitor-opt-compliance-announced-20210118 


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